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Can you imagine what life was like without electricity?
The current generation would really struggle to think about the type of life that everyone had to cope with in the days before Thomas Edison invented the first electric light bulb in 1879. Today, we all need a standby generator at home to use as backup power, or for domestic and emergency purposes.
These days, almost everyone knows about standard electric terms like watts, volts, and amps. What do you think? Can you correctly apply these terms? This can make a huge difference in your life.
For instance, you will be able to purchase a correctly sized portable generator that works efficiently instead of just picking a generator that might either be excessively powered or underpowered with regards to your domestic or commercial needs.
Moreover, even after purchasing the right item, it is still essential for a householder to be well acquainted with such terms to prevent a situation where the generator accidentally overloads, or the circuit breakers are tripped.
But the big question remains: How big enough a generator do you need?
What Size of Generator Will Run All Appliances at Home?
You are probably fed up with the ordeal of being left in the dark every time a power outage happens. Most likely, you are searching for a suitable home generator that can help you deal with this issue once for all. How will you know which is the best type of generator to purchase? How can you get a machine that will run your home and keep you protected during emergencies?
Here is how to determine the best generator size for your needs:
Find out the facts about the starting wattage for the generator you want to buy. This means you need to know the surge wattage of the appliances at home and the fixtures you wish to power.
Pick a generator that has enough power capacity to exceed the combined wattage of all appliances that you plan to power. In time, we will let you know exactly how to do this. In the meantime, it would be interesting to answer this question first: How are generators typically sized?
How Do You Measure Regular Generator Power?
In simple terms, generators are usually sized based on their electric output capacity. They are not sized considering the physical dimensions or characteristics.
The power output of a generator is usually measured in Kilowatts (kW) or watts (W). Both of these are common measurements applied to electricity. Generally speaking, 1kW= 1,000W.
Of course, whenever you plan to purchase a generator, make sure you go for the right-size of a generator. Why is this wise?
Avoid Overloading the Generator
If you have a generator that is too small for your power needs, you are likely to overload the machine. Otherwise, you may also find yourself forcing a smaller generator to supply more power than it was designed to do.
If this happens, the generator will automatically shut off or get overheated. Not only would this endanger the life of your generator, but you will also put your valued appliances at the risk of damage.
What happens if you purchase a generator that is too big, in terms of power capacity?
Buying an Oversize Suit?
In that case, you will be overpaying to buy a machine that you don’t really need. You will spend much on the generator unit and spend even more on the operation costs of a device that is grossly underworked.
To illustrate, you will be like a man who buys an expensive, oversized suit that he would never wear for social functions. Yet the outfit needs regular maintenance, at high costs, in the laundry.
How, then, can you accurately calculate the right generator size to satisfy all your domestic power needs?
3 Simple Steps to Calculate the Perfect-Size Generator for Your Home
You should follow the 3 simple steps, outlined below, to get the best-sized generator for your domestic use:
Step 1: List the Items
Make a comprehensive list of every home appliance that you plan to power.
Step 2: Determine Starting/ Running Wattage
Get to know the starting and running wattage of every appliance in the list above. In case you are unable to locate the right wattage on the appliance label, use a suitable wattage estimation guide for reference.
The term starting wattage is also known as “surge wattage.” It refers to the amount of wattage that an appliance requires to start-up. You will find that this starting wattage is typically 2–3 times above its “running” wattage. This means it is approximately 2-3 times the measure of watts that an appliance requires to run continuously.
Step 3: Sum Up the Wattage
Next, add up the wattage. After this, use the resulting number as a guide on the actual size of the generator you need to power appliances at home. In this way, you can choose a machine that is neither too small nor too big for your specific needs.
It is important to note that a DIY wattage estimate has limited value. Why? It is a mere estimate. If you wish to keep safe, get a wattage calculator. It is even better to get a professional electrician to help you calculate the exact wattage suitable for your needs. Moreover, this professional may also help you to pick the right sized generator for your needs.
Yet, you also need to get a machine that is fit to run everything in the house. Let’s now deal with this question.
What Size of Generator Can Run all My Home Appliances?
Yes, how big a generator do you need to run all the appliances in the home effectively? You should begin with a few basic questions to determine your basic power needs.
First, what kind of water do you use? Is it city or well water? In case you use well water, you should know that a well- pump usually requires about 240 voltage of generator power. This means it requires some 3,800 watts or more. Also, do you use an electric heating system, gas, heat pump, or oil forced air at home?
In case you use gas or oil forced air systems, you will need a tiny generator that uses as little as 2,500 watts. Usually, the power required depends on the size of the fan motor or furnace. On the other hand, to run well, heat pumps and electric heaters usually need about 15,000 watts of power or more. Note that these cannot be powered using a portable generator.
Which Heaters Do You Use?
Also, what kind of water heater do you use? Is your heater electric, oil-fired, or gas-powered? You should know that oil or gas-fired water- heaters generally require less power. They can work with as little as 2,500 watts.
On their part, electric heaters usually require no less than 4,500 watts to work. Most householders generally power a variety of household gadgets and appliances, with about 3,000 to 6,500 watts of power.
In case your home uses a smaller furnace or city water, you should still expect to use between 3,000-5,000 watts. This should ordinarily cover your needs. If you have a larger furnace or well- pump, you will, most likely, need a generator with a capacity of 5,000 to 6,500 watts.
Generators for Power Outages
There are those who, unfortunately, have to deal with the challenge of frequent power outages where they live. Sometimes things get worse, and these outages happen frequently and are prolonged.
If you stay in an area that is prone to the vagaries of severe weather characterized by ice storms, blizzards, hurricanes, and other hazards, the situation can be worse. In such cases, before buying any generator, think twice.
Particular types of generators will do well in these situations.
Consider buying the following types of generators:
- Large inverter.
- Home standby.
These three types of generators are usually packed with enough power capacity to run the entire household. They can be directly connected to the circuit breaker panel at home. Moreover, they will allow you to control and run hardwired appliances. These include air conditioning, central heating, sump pumps, electric ranges, well pumps, and water heaters.
In case you have these at home, and you think it necessary to have them running during power outages, make sure you install a transfer switch at your breaker box. Get a licensed electrician to do that.
Generators for Occasional Outages
Other people live in areas where occasional power outages happen. At times these are sustained. Regardless, you would not wish to spend a fortune buying a standby home generator.
In such cases, consider buying the following suitable types of generators:
- Large inverter generator.
- Portable generator.
Unless you experience frequent power outages each year, it may not be prudent to spend $10,000 or more as the cost of buying and installing a stationary unit. You could, instead, save much money if you are willing to pull your large portable or inverter generator out of a shed or garage, hooking it up during power outages. Even so, it is advisable to install a transfer switch in such situations.
Rare Lack of Power
Anything can still happen even if you are fortunate enough to have reliable running power. These are human processes that cannot be 100% perfect. Have a standby generator at home to stay safe. You will have more peace of mind.
Consider buying either a recreational inverter generator or a midsized inverter generator. The latter machine will give you enough power to run a window A/C, space heater, or a fridge.
Indeed, machines like recreational generators are compact items that are easy to carry wherever you go. You can even use it to run your TV and cooktop at a wild tailgate.
How Much Power Do Your Appliances Need?
In case you don’t know your RV appliance’s actual load capacity, you can use a general rule of thumb to determine this. The regular RV fridge needs about 600 watts to start. It needs 180 watts to run. Slow cookers, on their part, need 170 to 270 watts for both starting and running. A 650- watt microwave requires 1,000 watts right from start to finish.
A smaller flat TV requires only 120 to 200 watts. Keep in mind that most smart TVs draw reasonable power, even when switched off. This enables them to restart automatically. Satellite receivers require some 250 watts continually, just like generator-powered laptop computers. A radiant heater packs in about 1,300 watts while starting and when running continuously.
RV energy Hogs
Air conditioners are considered as the energy hogs of the standard RV. A 7,000 BTU rooftop RV AC requires around 1,700 watts starting and 600 running watts. A larger, 10,000 w BTU RV AC needs some 2,000 watts starting and 700 watts running. After adding up the starting and running wattage of the baseload, you will get how much power your generator requires.
Using an example of a smaller AC, microwave, fridge, and TV, the starting load would be about 3,420 watts, if you switched them all at once. The running load will be some 2,000 watts. This does not, however, take the light bulb load into account. So, if you want to run an air conditioner and several essential home appliances simultaneously, you need a generator with a capacity of, at least, 3,000 starting watts and 2,000 running watts.
How to Determine Appliance Power Requirements
You will discover that most electric motors and appliances usually list their power requirements in the form of amps. Some typical locations include The nameplate, a bottom-side stamp, or a data tag placed on all electric motors.
Appliances with electric motors generally need some additional start-up power. This may be up to 3 times the running amount.
Note that older appliances might require more power than indicated since, over time, they become less efficient.
Use a tester for appliance load to determine the precise power of regular home appliances and tools.
Calculating Watts and Kilowatts
Power is defined as the amount of work done in a given time. The term watts refers to the unit used to express power. Indeed, watts is a typical function of current and voltage.
To calculate the quantity of electric power, you should multiply the amperes by voltage. Thus, you will obtain what is referred to as watt-hours. Moreover, Kilowatt-hours is another common unit. Kilowatt-hours is basically determined by the number of watts divided by 1,000. Further, one kilowatt equals 1,000 watts. By this measure, if you divide 1,500 Watts by 1,000, the result is 1.5 Kilowatts.
Generators are commonly rated in Watts or Kilowatts. This expresses the amount of work they are capable of doing. Similarly, an athlete can burst out in explosive, sprinting energy for some seconds, a generator can do something comparable, mustering a surge of extra power within seconds. This kind of added capacity allows the generator to ignite electric motors. Typically, it takes an initial power boost to start turning.
The above example shows the relationship existing between volts, watts, and amps, and also why watts or kilowatts (rather than amps and volts) are used to rate a generator’s power.
Types of Loads
Some appliances generally require more power to start up. Others usually maintain constant power. If you want to calculate your power needs correctly, you should know the kind of loads you wish to run. A load is generally defined as the device that requires power.
There are two main kinds of loads:
Resistive loads are simple. They typically use the same power capacity to start and run appliances. Most resistive loads are used in heating. Here are a few examples of resistive loads: Toasters, Coffee makers, Light bulbs.
Reactive loads usually contain an electric motor. This requires extra power to start. However, it uses less power once it starts running. The starting power is about three times the power capacity needed to run regular applications. Here are some examples of reactive loads are: Furnace fans, air conditioners, well pumps, air compressors, power tools, and bench grinders.
Some household appliances, for instance, the furnace or refrigerator, come with intermittent internal fans. Generally, some extra wattage/power is required to start the fan every time. Moreover, refrigerators have a defrost cycle. This also requires energy, not to mention the fans and the compressor.
Further, reactive loads may require extra power as soon as the electric motor starts to work. For instance, when a saw starts cutting wood, its power requirement generally increases. This, however, does not apply to most household appliances.
There is no doubt that electricity has completely changed the world. As man’s reliance on electricity grows, so does the impact of electricity in our lives. Yes, this power is what keeps our homes safe, warm, dry, and powers a variety of tools and appliances, making our lives easier.
Learn the terms associated with this peculiar phenomenon, how to calculate generator power, and, ultimately, how to pick the best generator for your needs. Life will, likely, become much better.
- What Size of Generator Will Run All Appliances at Home?
- How Do You Measure Regular Generator Power?
- Avoid Overloading the Generator
- Buying an Oversize Suit?
- 3 Simple Steps to Calculate the Perfect-Size Generator for Your Home
- What Size of Generator Can Run all My Home Appliances?
- How Much Power Do Your Appliances Need?